Creon orders him to tell his story, and he finally reports the scandalous news. Sophocles wants to warn his countrymen about hubris, or arrogance, because he believes this will be their downfall.
The Chorus sings an ode about how man dominates the earth and how only death can master him. The chorus acts as a commentator on the play's action, and it sometimes offers advice to the leads, Antigone and Creon.
It is not clear how he would personally handle these two values in conflict, but it is a moot point in the play, for, as absolute ruler of Thebes, Creon is the state, and the state is Creon.
The sentry leaves, and the chorus sings about honouring the gods, but after a short absence, he returns, bringing Antigone with him. Tiresiasthe blind prophet, enters. Creon has decreed that the traitor Polynices must not be given proper burial, and Antigone is the only one who will speak against this decree and insist on the sacredness of family.
The terrible calamities that overtake Creon are not the result of his exalting the law of the state over the unwritten and divine law which Antigone vindicates, but are his intemperance which led him to disregard the warnings of Tiresias until it was too late.
Before thinking about the chorus in Antigone specifically, it is important to realize that the Greek chorus was a common theatrical element that many playwrights of the time used, so the purpose of the chorus in Antigone will have its own specific purposes, but also serve the purposes of the theater in general.
Tiresias is the blind prophet whose prediction brings about the eventual proper burial of Polyneices.
When pitted against Antigone's view, this understanding of citizenship creates a new axis of conflict. My own flesh and blood—dear sister, dear Ismene, how many griefs our father Oedipus handed down!
It is clear how he feels about these two values in conflict when encountered in another person, Antigone: When talking to Haemon, Creon demands of him not only obedience as a citizen, but also as a son. If the chorus is upset, it is meant to excite and rile up the audience. All of Greece will despise Creon, and the sacrificial offerings of Thebes will not be accepted by the gods.
The leader of the chorus pledges his support out of deference to Creon. The play exists in a number of famous versions.
Creonthe new ruler of Thebes and brother of the former Queen Jocasta, has decided that Eteocles will be honored and Polyneices will be in public shame. The chorus in Seven Against Thebes is largely supportive of Antigone's decision to bury her brother.
It was the firmly kept custom of the Greeks that each city was responsible for the burial of its citizens. The dramatic irony would be less effective as well.
After unsuccessfully attempting to stab Creon, Haemon stabbed himself. Creon blames himself for everything that has happened, and, a broken man, he asks his servants to help him inside.
Ismene declares that she will always love Antigone, and then withdraws into the palace. Portrayal of the gods[ edit ] In Antigone as well as the other Theban Plays, there are very few references to the gods. Creon demands obedience to the law above all else, right or wrong.
Koryphaios is the assistant to the King Creon and the leader of the Chorus. He plans to have her die under a shower of hard, heavy, sharp rocks thrown at her by her fellow Thebans.
Antigone's family tree Creon enters, along with the chorus of Theban elders. As the play progresses they counsel Creon to be more moderate. Should someone who attempts to bury him in defiance of Creon be punished in an especially cruel and horrible way?
Creon's decree to leave Polyneices unburied in itself makes a bold statement about what it means to be a citizen, and what constitutes abdication of citizenship.
She is taken away to her living tomb, with the Leader of the Chorus expressing great sorrow for what is going to happen to her. He commits suicide after finding Antigone dead.Sophocles also uses the Chorus to expound upon the play's central themes.
In Antigone we get choral odes on everything from the triumph of man over nature, to the dangers of pride, to the hazards of love. The Chorus. In Greek tragedy, the Chorus consisted of a group of approximately ten people, playing the role of death messenger, dancing, singing, and commenting throughout from the margins of the action.
Anouilh reduces the Chorus to a single figure who retains his collective function nevertheless. The conflict between Creon and Antigone is one of conflicting values and duties.
Creon is trying to establish himself as king. What Is the Conflict Between Antigone and Creon? A: Quick Answer. Sophocles' "Antigone," the climactic play in his Theban trilogy, is set entirely outside the palace gates of Thebes in Ancient Greece.
A. I believe that the chorus held a very important role in the play Antigone, by Sophocles. The loyal and religious citizens of Thebes, who are very devoted to their state, represent the chorus. More about The Role of the Chorus in Ancient Greek Plays Essays. Essay on The Role of the Chorus in Ancient Greek Tragedies Words | 5 Pages.
Antigone is a tragedy by Sophocles written in or before BC. Of the three Theban plays Antigone is the third in order of the events depicted in the plays, but it is the first that was written. The play expands on the Theban legend that predates it, and it picks up where Aeschylus' Seven Against Thebes ends.
This is not an accident on Sophocles' behalf. As observed throughout the play, the purposeful yielding as demonstrated by the chorus further enhances the impression of imperative nature of Creon against Antigone and the rest of the Greek population.
From the above, it is clear that the Chorus plays a major role in the overall development of .Download